Renal transplantation


A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from another person. The kidney may come from a deceased organ donor or from a living donor. Family members or individuals who are unrelated but make a good match may be able to donate one of their kidneys. This type of transplant is called a living transplant. Individuals who donate a kidney can live healthy lives with the remaining kidney.A person receiving a transplant usually receives only one kidney, but, in rare situations, he or she may receive two kidneys from a deceased donor. In most cases, the diseased kidneys are left in place during the transplant procedure. The transplanted kidney is implanted in the lower abdomen on the front side of the body.
Reasons for the procedure
A kidney transplant may be recommended for people with end stage renal disease (ESRD), a permanent condition of kidney failure that often requires dialysis (a process used to remove wastes and other substances from the blood). Some conditions of the kidneys that may result in ESRD include, but are not limited to, the following:
 Repeated urinary infections
 Kidney failure caused by diabetes or high blood pressure
 Polycystic kidney disease or other inherited disorders
 Glomerulonephritis, which is inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units
 Hemolytic uremic syndrome, a rare disorder that causes kidney failure
 Lupus and other diseases of the immune system
 Obstructions
Other conditions, such as congenital defects of the kidneys, may result in the need for a kidney transplant.There may be other reasons for your doctor to recommend a kidney transplant.